E-2 Treaty Investor Visa Petition An E-2 Visa is one of the nicest working visas as it allows you to run your own business and be an entrepreneur. While it periodically needs to be renewed, you can stay here in the U.S. as long as you like on the E-2. Normally, this type of E-2 Visa would require and investment around $100,000U.S. to successfully process. The more capital investment that is required for the business, the higher the investment. Additionally, your spouse and unmarried children under 21 years old can come as beneficiaries to your approved E-2. Your children will be able to go to school in the U.S. without having to get a separate student visa (as long as they are not in college.) The spouse will be permitted to apply for a work permit to work anywhere in the United States. A great deal of the success of the E-2 Petition is how it is prepared. The higher the investment, the easier it is to get approved. The type of company that would either be purchased or the type of company that would start from scratch is wide open depending on what you would like to do. This petition is usually 2-4 inches thick. It consists of the petition itself, the complex business plan with numerous charts and figures, and the incorporation papers. Once submitted directly to the Consulate, it takes a few months for approval.The E-2 is a complicated U.S. Visa Petition and requires years of experience to do it properly. There are many issues that must be dealt with and argued in the petition itself such as marginality, substantiality, ownership, managerial vs. executive, tracing of funds, etc. My firm will get everyone of these issues and more properly addressed in the legal brief and the E-2 Presentation. Simply having the money to invest is only the start. My firm has been doing these petitions for years and the procedures for the briefs, incorporation, and complex business plan are in place and will be done correctly, efficiently and with the highest chance of can also be submitted to U.S. Immigration for a change of status. However, keep in mind that with a change of status, you cannot keep that status when you leave the U.S. It is normally preferable to send the package directly to the U.S. Consulate or U.S. Embassy for adjudication.
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1. (C) The Ethiopian government (GOE) will not release the re-jailed Unity for Democracy and Justice (UDJ) leader Birtukan Mideksa (Ref A) because the state must uphold rule of law and Birtukan violated the terms of her pardon, long-time Special Advisor to the Prime Minister Advisor and newly appointed Minister of Communication Affairs Bereket Simon told the Ambassador on January 15. Bereket explained that the recently passed Charities and Societies Proclamation (Ref B), which regulates civil society organizations (CSOs), will not affect development activities but is important because it encourages Ethiopia to develop indigenous capacity. "Democracy is an existential issue for Ethiopia," Bereket said, offering the views of the ruling Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), and adding that democracy is necessary to ensure Ethiopia's peace and stability. Ethiopia hopes to broaden democratic participation through the empowerment of successful rural and urban entrepreneurs who have a stake in the constitutional order and can represent their own interests peacefully, Bereket added. Ethiopia will permit opposition parties to campaign freely in the 2010 national elections, Bereket said. Bereket described the role of the new Communications Affairs Bureau, which will coordinate government messaging and public diplomacy in Ethiopia following the dissolution the Ministry of Information, and lauded improved communication between the Ethiopian government and the Voice of America's Horn of Africa service (Ref C). End Summary. 2. (C) On January 15, the Ambassador held a working lunch with Bereket as part of Embassy efforts to reach out to EPRDF central committee members. PAO and A/PolCouns participated. Bereket noted he will travel to the United States this summer for his first visit in more than ten years. PAS offered to facilitate meetings for him in Washington at his request. GOE Will Not Budge On Birtukan ------------------------------ 3. (C) The Ambassador pressed Bereket to help resolve the issue of re-jailed opposition leader Birtukan. In response, Bereket said that the GOE had given Birtukan "every chance" to abide by the terms of her pardon for her alleged role in the aftermath of the 2005 elections. Instead, Bereket said, Birtukan "transgressed the law" by violating the agreement and speaking about the circumstances of her pardon. If the Ethiopian government fails to uphold the rule of law in this case, Bereket said, rule of law will "be diminished" and the government will encounter serious "pitfalls." This matter is "related to issues of violence, and we can't give in to violence and pressure," Bereket said. Bereket noted that the GOE believes that the Ethiopian public is largely supportive of its measures in this case. Bereket: CSO Law Will Not Impair Development Activities --------------------------------------------- ---------- 4. (C) Ethiopia's new CSO law will not in any way impair development activities that help the Ethiopian people, Bereket said. Citizens, Bereket added, should advocate for their rights without being financed by foreign countries. Bereket acknowledged that Ethiopia needs "constructive engagement" with its international partners and is more than willing to work on matters of mutual interest, but he said that the GOE should "be given the benefit of the doubt that we are doing good things for our country." The GOE's "basic interest is to transform the country developmentally and democratically," Bereket noted. 5. (C) "Both development and democracy are existential issues for us," Bereket said, explaining that, in the view of the ADDIS ABAB 00000107 002 OF 003 government, Ethiopia needs a home-grown democracy and "we either do it or perish." Bereket observed that Ethiopia intends to abide by universal democratic principles such as separation of powers but will implement democracy in accordance with its own culture. Noting that every democratic system is different, Bereket remarked that "blanket acceptance" of Western recommendations had led many African countries to crisis because democracy cannot be imposed and populations were not prepared. Ethiopia has a good constitution, but the government must guard against opposition groups or terrorists and "those who see violence as the way out" from using democratic mechanisms to undermine Ethiopia's democracy, Bereket added. Ethiopia must rebuff the "African tendency to see politics as a zero-sum game," Bereket said, noting that the Ethiopian government wants to "streamline the opposition so they play by the rules and do not have to face consequences for transgressing the law." At the same time, "we do not want to stifle dissent," Bereket said. Ethiopia's Three Cardinal Problems ---------------------------------- 6. (C) Speaking on behalf of the EPRDF, Bereket said Ethiopia faces three "cardinal" problems that affect its stability: "backwardness" (which he described as the historical absence of democratic/good governance culture); poverty; and a historical lack of peace and stability. Bereket said the EPRDF sees the solutions to these three problems as interrelated and concurrent, not sequential. In Bereket's view, the EPDRF has prioritized democracy by necessity but must now place more emphasis on economic development. In addition, where good governance fails and promises of development are unmet, Bereket said, citing the Ogaden, "people get angry and violent." Bereket Forecasts Free and Fair 2010 Elections --------------------------------------------- - 7. (C) Bereket said the GOE wants to work together with legitimate opposition parties to create an "atmosphere of tolerance" in support of a stable, growing democracy, although he added that "sometimes the opposition sends the wrong public messages that are not in the interests of the country or our international partners." Bereket said he believes that down the line opposition parties will be able to unseat the EPRDF, just as they won the Addis Ababa city elections in 2005, but he said he doubted they would have much success in the 2010 national elections because they have not built support in the countryside. Bereket added that, from the EPRDF's perspective, "we are a rural society with one interest group: farmers. Once the farmers give their support to one party, the others cannot get it. If the EPRDF loses the countryside, we can't hold power. We need the will of the people behind us: the gun won't work in Ethiopia now. We have almost sovereign regions. No army can control the regions without local support. If the EPRDF is defeated at the ballot box it would mean we have lost the regions. If we ever tried to retain control of the regions by force, it would lead to disaster." 8. (C) In response to the Ambassador's questions, Bereket said that he believes the 2010 elections will be as democratic and competitive as the run-up to the 2005 elections because "it is the proper thing to do." While the EPRDF will try to win, Bereket added, "the opposition will have sufficient space to pass their message." Although Ethiopian law mandates a three month campaign season, Bereket said he would like to stretch the campaign to six months or more. Bereket said Ethiopia's 2010 budget will include provisions for public financing for political parties, but added that campaign finance legislation has yet to be strictly implemented, but he hopes the National Election Board (NEB) will "look into it soon." NOTE: Opposition parties claim the law, which calls for parties to produce lists of all contributors, will effectively kill their funding because potential contributors will not want their names on lists that the government could use for retribution against opposition members. END NOTE. ADDIS ABAB 00000107 003 OF 003 9. (C) Bereket acknowledged that some kebele (village) authorities may undermine democratic goals in their bid to hold onto their seats, but said that in a "fundamental departure from the past" the GOE is "working on two levels" to mitigate such effects. First, Bereket said, the government is seeking to ensure rural people do not equate income with government jobs by successfully creating rich farmers who can advocate for their own interests in a free market system. "We see a real capitalist class emerging," Bereket said, "with new economic forces that do not rely on the government. Rich farmers should be the leaders in rural areas. They can accept innovative ideas (that is how they built their wealth) and be role models. The government will be guided by these entrepreneurs and we want to expand this class to the urban areas. As they become more wealthy, they become more interested in peace and democracy to protect their economic interests." Likewise, Bereket said the GOE aims to accelerate urbanization in order to build a business class that can, through wealth generation, better support democracy by advancing Ethiopia economically. He added that the current opposition parties represent neither farmers nor business interests and therefore are "just political." Still, Bereket noted, the EPRDF is willing to restart interparty dialogue under the auspices of the National Electoral Board, and has identified parliamentary representatives for that purpose. Second, Bereket said, the GOE will reprimand "those even on our side who make mistakes" in overzealously pursuing partisan interests at the expense of democracy. New Communication Affairs Bureau -------------------------------- 10. (C) Bereket offered details on the role of the new Communication Affairs Bureau, which replaced the Ministry of Information. Bereket said the Bureau will hold regular press conferences and attempt to respond in a timely manner to media inquiries, Bereket said. Bereket will handle the official government response on "serious" issues but will ensure that trained spokespeople will be able to handle more routine responses. The Ethiopian government trained roughly 500 persons over the past year to work public relations in various ministries, Bereket said, about 250 of whom will work directly for the Bureau. Bereket said the Bureau will "connect the dots" for Ethiopia's inter-ministry process and ensure dissemination of and consistency of messaging throughout the government. Improved Communication with Voice of America -------------------------------------------- 11. (C) Bereket praised Voice of America (VOA) Horn of Africa Chief David Arnold for improving communication between VOA and the Ethiopian government. Bereket noted that he had recently given an interview to VOA and that the service had fairly represented his interview on air. He added that although there is "history" between the government and VOA, he is willing to "give VOA a chance" as the Communication Affairs Bureau forms up. YAMAMOTO
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ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia (AP) — Ethiopia said Monday it will not release a leading opposition figure detained under the country's state of emergency after meeting with European lawmakers in Belgium.
Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn told reporters that Merara Gudina of the Oromo Federalist Congress party instead will face justice.
"Individuals in the European Parliament who are harboring anti-peace elements cannot save those who trespass the law of the country," the prime minister said.
Merara is one of 22,000 people the prime minister said were detained under the state of emergency declared in October after widespread, sometimes deadly anti-government protests. The government has said several thousand have since been released.
Merara was arrested immediately after he returned from Belgium, where he met with the lawmakers about the state of emergency. He was accused of meeting with members of an armed Ethiopian opposition group in Brussels, an act banned under the emergency law.
Photos posted on social media show him sitting next to Birhanu Nega, leader of the armed opposition group called Ginbot 7 that mainly operates from Eritrea, and Feyisa Lilesa, the Ethiopian marathon runner who crossed his wrists in a sign of protest while crossing the finish line at the Rio Olympic Games.
The Association for Human Rights in Ethiopia said the state of emergency's wide-ranging restrictions have severely affected freedoms of expression and assembly. "Tens of thousands of individuals have been arrested arbitrarily" and dissent and independent reporting have been quashed, it said.
The state of emergency is set to end in May. The prime minister did not indicate it would be extended, but he told reporters that "as far as the date of lifting the state of emergency is concerned, it should be seen in the perspective that we have to consolidate the gains that we have made so far."
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The federal government has declared a state of emergency as of Saturday, October 8, 2016.
The cabinet of Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn has an emergency meeting on Saturday afternoon where the government declared the state of emergency at a time of deteriorating security situation in Oromia Regional State.
The state of emergency declared for the first time in 25 years, will last for six months.”It may be shortened depending on the improvement on the security front,” a senior government official told Fortune.